Coal Geology & Exploration


Carbon emissions have come into sharp focus of human society. The carbon emissions from coals rank as the most predominant part of China’s total carbon emissions. Presently, there is no available study on the accurate calculation of carbon emissions from coals in typical underground mines in Xinjiang, with the CH4 emission even overlooked. This study centers on the carbon emissions from coals in underground mines in the western Fukang mining area. As per the occurrence laws of CH4 and CO2 in coal seams, as well as coal mining plans, this study classified the sources of carbon emissions from coals (excluding the emissions from fossil combustion, power generation, and thermal supply) into four parts: carbon emissions from coals mined, planned coals to be mined, unrecovered coals, and underground coal pillars. Based on this, the total carbon emissions from coals were calculated. The findings include: (1) based on the average mining years of underground mines, the carbon emissions from coals mined, planned coals to be mined, unrecovered coals, and underground coal pillars were calculated at 21700 t/a, 53500 t/a, 4000 t/a, and 7400 t/a, respectively, totaling 86600 t/a. (2) Given that the four types of carbon emission sources are in the order of planned coals to be mined > coals mined > underground coal pillars > unmined coals, this study suggested conducting gas extraction before coal mining, strengthening filling to inhibit emissions from unmined resources and coal pillars, performing comprehensive recycling and utilization of gas of different concentrations to reduce carbon emissions in the process of coal mining. (3) The carbon emissions from coals in the underground mines are primarily influenced by the total coal production (sum of coals mined and planned coals to be mined), the CH4 and CO2 content in coal seams, desorption rate, and the metamorphic degree of coals. These carbon emissions increase with the values of these four factors. The results of this study will provide suggestions for controlling carbon emissions from coals and determining measures for carbon emission reduction in the western Fukang mining area.


underground mine, carbon emission, methane, calculation method, influencing factor, western Fukang mining area


[1] 张贤,郭偲悦,孔慧,等. 碳中和愿景的科技需求与技术路径[J]. 中国环境管理,2021,13(1):65−70.

ZHANG Xian,GUO Siyue,KONG Hui,et al. Technology demands and approach of carbon neutrality vision[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2021,13(1):65−70.

[2] 谢和平,任世华,谢亚辰,等. 碳中和目标下煤炭行业发展机遇[J]. 煤炭学报,2021,46(7):2197−2211.

XIE Heping,REN Shihua,XIE Yachen,et al. Development opportunities of the coal industry towards the goal of carbon neutrality[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2021,46(7):2197−2211.

[3] 宋晓波,胡伯. 碳中和背景下煤炭行业低碳发展研究[J]. 中国煤炭,2021,47(7):17−24.

SONG Xiaobo,HU Bo. Research on low–carbon development of coal industry under the background of carbon neutrality[J]. China Coal,2021,47(7):17−24.

[4] 张宏. 探索煤炭行业“双碳”战略发展新路径[J]. 中国煤炭工业,2022(2):32−35.

ZHANG Hong. Explore a new path for the development of the coal industry’s“dual carbon”strategy[J]. China Coal Industry,2022(2):32−35.

[5] 李丽旻. 国际能源署:全球甲烷排放监控力度不足[N]. 中国能源报,2022-02-28(005).

[6] 李北陵. 甲烷减排,既是挑战又是机遇[N]. 中国石化报,2021-11-26(005).

[7] 王晨. 甲烷减排或从能源行业破题,“十四五”推动出台中国甲烷排放控制行动方案[N]. 21世纪经济报道,2021-12-09(007).

[8] IPCC,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014). IPCC fifth assessment report:Climate change 2013 (AR5)[EB/OL]. [2020-12-28].

[9] 刘文革,徐鑫,韩甲业,等. 碳中和目标下煤矿甲烷减排趋势模型及关键技术[J]. 煤炭学报,2022,47(1):470−479.

LIU Wenge,XU Xin,HAN Jiaye,et al. Trend model and key technologies of coal mine methane emission reduction aiming for the carbon neutrality[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2022,47(1):470−479.

[10] 王冶. 煤层气开采企业温室气体排放核算方法现状与问题浅析[J]. 低碳世界,2019,9(8):77−78.

WANG Ye. Current situation and problems of greenhouse gas emission accounting methods in coalbed methane mining enterprises[J]. Low Carbon World,2019,9(8):77−78.

[11] SOLOMON S,QIN D,MANNING M,et al. IPCC,2007:Summary for policymakers[C]//Climate Change 2007:The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2007.

[12] 李凤山,朱川,曹磊,等. 煤炭行业碳排放计算方法与低碳运行模式研究[J]. 煤质技术,2013(6):64−68.

LI Fengshan,ZHU Chuan,CAO Lei,et al. Research on the calculation method of carbon emissions of coal industry and low carbon operation mode[J]. Coal Quality Technology,2013(6):64−68.

[13] 马冰,贾凌霄,于洋,等. 地球科学与碳中和:现状与发展方向[J]. 中国地质,2021,48(2):347−358.

MA Bing,JIA Lingxiao,YU Yang,et al. Geoscience and carbon neutralization:Current status and development direction[J]. Geology in China,2021,48(2):347−358.

[14] KHOLOD N,EVANS M,PILCHER R C,et al. Global methane emissions from coal mining to continue growing even with declining coal production[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production,2020,256:120489.

[15] SHAO Shuai,LIU Jianghua,GENG Yong,et al. Uncovering driving factors of carbon emissions from China’s mining sector[J]. Applied Energy,2016,166:220−238.

[16] 王俊博,李鑫,田继军,等. 煤炭开发利用产业碳足迹计算方法及减排措施综述[J/OL]. 煤炭学报,2022:1–13 [2022-07-17]. http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.2190.TD.20220516.1853.002.html.

WANG Junbo,LI Xin,TIAN Jijun,et al. Summary of carbon footprint calculation methods and emission reduction measures for coal exploitation and utilization industry[J/OL]. Journal of China Coal Society,2022:1−13 [2022-07-17]. http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.2190.TD.20220516.1853.002.html.

[17] IPCC/IGES. 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories[R]. Geneva:Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Institute for Global Environmental Strategies,2006.

[18] 罗晓予. 基于碳排放核算的乡村低碳生态评价体系研究[D]. 杭州:浙江大学,2017.

LUO Xiaoyu. Study on low–carbon ecological evaluation system of villages based on carbon emission accounting[D]. Hangzhou:Zhejiang University,2017.

[19] 李鑫. 煤炭开发环节碳排放测算及低碳路径研究[J]. 煤炭经济研究,2021,41(7):39−44.

LI Xin. Research on carbon emission calculation and low–carbon pathway in coal development[J]. Coal Economic Research,2021,41(7):39−44.

[20] 王猛,马如英,代旭光,等. 煤矿区碳排放的确认和低碳绿色发展途径研究[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2021,49(5):63−69.

WANG Meng,MA Ruying,DAI Xuguang,et al. Confirmation of carbon emissions in coal mining areas and research on low–carbon green development path[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2021,49(5):63−69.

[21] 石永霞,陈星,赵彦文,等. 阜康西部矿区煤层气井产能地质影响因素分析[J]. 煤炭工程,2018,50(2):133−136.

SHI Yongxia,CHEN Xing,ZHAO Yanwen,et al. Analysis on geological influencing factors of coalbed methane productivity in Fukang western mining area[J]. Coal Engineering,2018,50(2):133−136.

[22] 李升,葛燕燕,杨雪松,等. 准噶尔盆地阜康西区块西山窑组构造–水文地质控气特征[J]. 新疆石油地质,2016,37(6):631−636.

LI Sheng,GE Yanyan,YANG Xuesong,et al. Gas–controlling characteristics of structural and hydrogeological factors in Xishanyao Formation of Western Fukang Block,Junggar Basin[J]. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology,2016,37(6):631−636.

[23] 陈星,石永霞,刘得光. 阜康西部矿区侏罗系煤层气富集特征和主控因素[C]//2019年煤层气学术研讨会论文集. 北京:地质出版社,2019.

[24] 李升,葛燕燕,杨雪松,等. 阜康向斜八道湾组水文地质控气作用研究[J]. 煤炭技术,2016,35(12):106−108.

LI Sheng,GE Yanyan,YANG Xuesong,et al. Research on hydrogeological control on coalbed methane content of Badaowan Formation in Fukang syncline[J]. Coal Technology,2016,35(12):106−108.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.